A social map of the village is a map that is drawn by the residents and which shows the social structures and institutions found in an area. It also helps us to learn about social and economic differences between the households.
1. Ask the participants to draw a map of the village, showing all households. For orientation it will be helpful to draw roads and significant spots of the village into the map.
2. Discuss whether the total number of households has increased or shrunk during recent years. If there were any changes ask why the number has changed and whether this has caused any problem for certain families or for the community at large.
3. Ask the group to also show institutions, buildings and places that offer some kind of social service or which are popular spots to meet and discuss. Example: schools, churches, health service, traditional healers, community administration, community leaders, local shop, kindergarten, places where people frequently meet, water point etc.)
4. Encourage the group to discuss and show on the map which different ethnic groups are living in their village. Using a common symbol, mark those households in which the minority ethnic groups live.
5. Encourage the group to discuss and show on the map which different religious groups are living in their village. Using a common symbol, mark those households in which the minority religious groups live.
6. Ask the group to indicate with a symbol on the map all households that are female-headed. Make sure that everybody has the same understanding of what the characteristics of a female headed household are!
7. If time and the situation allows you should integrate the wealth ranking tool at this point which is described on a separate tool sheet!
8. Make sure that your copy of the map has a key explaining the different items and symbols used on the map
Material needed: Documentation Sheet, this tool sheet, white paper for copying the map
1) If drawing on the ground: soft ground, sticks and local material for symbols, or
2) if drawing on a paper: BIG sheet of paper, pencils, markers
Time: 1,5-2 hours
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